Grasas y Aceites, Vol 61, No 3 (2010)

Partial chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Daucus crinitus Desf. extracts


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.122609

M. A. Dib
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Natural Products and Analysis (COSNA), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University Aboubekr Belkaïd, Algeria

M. Bendahou
Departement of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University Aboubekr Belkaïd, Algeria

A. Bendiabdellah
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Natural Products and Analysis (COSNA), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University Aboubekr Belkaïd, Algeria

N. Djabou
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Natural Products and Analysis (COSNA), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University Aboubekr Belkaïd, Algeria

H. Allali
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Natural Products and Analysis (COSNA), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University Aboubekr Belkaïd, Algeria

B. Tabti
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Natural Products and Analysis (COSNA), Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University Aboubekr Belkaïd, Algeria

J. Paolini
UMR CNRS 6134, Laboratoire Chimie des Produits Naturels, Université de Corse, France

J. Costa
UMR CNRS 6134, Laboratoire Chimie des Produits Naturels, Université de Corse, France

Abstract


The chemical composition of fatty acids and the unsaponifiable fraction of the roots, leaves and stems from Daucus crinitus Desf. were, determined using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The fatty acid fractions of different organs (leaves, stems and roots) were characterized by lauric acid (17.9, 17.5 and 18.1 % respectively) and other long chain fatty acids (until C22). Qualitative and quantitative differences were reported between the unsaponifiable fractions of different organs from D. crinitus. The unsaponifiable fractions of the leaves, roots and stem showed high amounts of aliphatic components (83.4%, 87.2% and 91.4%, respectively). The monoterpen, diterpen and sesquiterpen components were only present in small percentages. The antimicrobial properties of the D. critinus extracts were tested on four different microorganisms. These extracts were found to be active against Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans.

Keywords


Antimicrobial activity; Daucus crinitus. Desf.; Fatty acid; GC/MS; Unsaponifiable fraction

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