Grasas y Aceites, Vol 63, No 2 (2012)

Chemical and biological profiles of the essential oils from aromatic plants of agro industrial interest in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain)


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.129611

O. Santana
Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha - Instituto de Recursos Humanos para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (INCRECYT), Spain

R. Cabrera
Unidad de Fitopatología. Facultad de Biología. Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), Spain

A. González-Coloma
Instituto de Ciencias Agrarias (ICA-CSIC), Spain

R. Sánchez-Vioque
Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha - Instituto de Recursos Humanos para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (INCRECYT), Spain

M. de los Mozos-Pascual
Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

M. F. Rodríguez-Conde
Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

I. Laserna-Ruiz
Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

J. Usano-Alemany
Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

D. Herraiz
Centro de Investigación Agraria de Albaladejito. Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain

Abstract


The chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils of Salvia officinalis L., Salvia lavandulifolia Vahl., Lavandula x intermedia Emeric ex Loisel., Lavandula latifolia Medik., Lavandula angustifolia Mill. and Thymus vulgaris L. are presented. The essential oils have been analysed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry and 61 compounds were identified, 23 of which represented more than 1% of the essential oil. The 1,8 cineole (16-23%) appeared as the main compound of Salvia sp. essential oils. The high content of α-thujone was characteristic in S. officinalis oil. Remarkable concentrations of linalool (30-33%), camphor (5-17%) and linalyl acetate (9-28%) were detected in Lavandula sp. oils while carvacrol (21.6%) and p-cimene (23.7%) were the most abundant compounds in T. vulgaris oil. Biological characterization was based on their bioplaguicide activity. The essential oils studied had strong antifeedant effects against Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say, Spodoptera littoralis Boisd., Myzus persicae Sulzer and Rhopalosiphum padi L., phytotoxic activity against Lactuca sativa L. and Lolium perenne L. and also exhibited high antifungal activity against Fusarium sp. Oils from T. vulgaris and L. latifolia showed the highest levels of bioactivity against all target species. These results provide an added-value to the essential oils of aromatic plants of agro-industrial interest for its potential use in the development of natural agrochemicals.

Keywords


Bioplaguicide activity; Essential oils; Lavandula; Natural agrochemicals; Salvia; Thymus

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