Grasas y Aceites, Vol 65, No 2 (2014)

Characterization of fatty acids, bioactive lipids, and radical scavenging activity of Canterbury bells seed oil

M. F.R. Hassanien, H. El-Shamy, A. A. Abdel Ghany

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/gya.074413

Abstract


The aim of this study was to characterize the chemical composition and radical scavenging activity of Canterbury bells (Campanula medium) seed oil. C. medium seeds contained 9.2% extractable oil. The lipid classes, fatty acids, phytosterol and tocopherol composition of C. medium seed oil were determined. The amount of neutral lipids in the oil was the highest, followed by glycolipids and phospholipids. Linoleic and oleic were the main fatty acids. C. medium oil is characterized by high levels of phytosterols and β-sitosterol was the main compound. β-Tocopherol constituted 42.5% of the total tocopherol content followed by γ-tocopherol. The radical scavenging activity (RSA) toward 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and galvinoxyl radicals of C. medium oil were higher than those of extra virgin olive oil. The diverse potential uses of C. medium oil may make this plant industrially important.

Keywords


Campanula medium; Canterbury bells; Fatty acids; Lipid-soluble bioactives; Radical scavenging potential; Seed oil

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