Grasas y Aceites, Vol 66, No 4 (2015)

Carrageenan type effect on soybean oil/soy protein isolate emulsion employed as fat replacer in panela-type cheese


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0240151

E. Rojas-Nery
Food Science Lab & Pilot Plant, Tecnológico Estudios Superiores Ecatepec, Mexico

N. Güemes-Vera
Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma Estado Hidalgo, Mexico

O. G. Meza-Marquez
Food Science Lab & Pilot Plant, Tecnológico Estudios Superiores Ecatepec, Mexico

A. Totosaus
Food Science Lab & Pilot Plant, Tecnológico Estudios Superiores Ecatepec, Mexico

Abstract


In order to modify the fatty acid profile of panela-type cheese (a Mexican fresh cheese), emulsified soybean oil with soy protein isolate and different carrageenan (iota, kappa or lambda) was employed as fat replacer. The replacement of milk fat in panela-type cheese resulted in higher cheese yield values and moisture content, besides a concomitant lower fat phase and higher protein content, due to a soy protein isolate in emulsified soybean oil. Fat replacement resulted in a harder but less cohesive, spring and resilient texture, where differences in texture could be attributed to the specific carrageenan-casein interactions within the rennet coagulated cheese matrix. The FTIR analysis showed that the milk fat replacement changed the fatty acid profile, also in function of the type of carrageenan employed. Lambda carrageenan containing emulsions improved moisture retention and maintained the textural properties of panela-type cheese.

Keywords


Carrageenan; Emulsified soybean oil; Fat replacement; Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy; Panela-type cheese; Textural profile analysis

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