Grasas y Aceites, Vol 67, No 3 (2016)

Isolation and physico-chemical characterization of Butea parviflora seed oil


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0334161

S. S. Kaki
Centre for Lipid Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

T. Jabeen
Centre for Lipid Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

J. R.C. Reddy
Centre for Lipid Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

M. Ram Mohan
Centre for Lipid Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

E. Anjaneyulu
Centre for Lipid Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

R. B.N. Prasad
Centre for Lipid Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

B. V.S.K. Rao
Centre for Lipid Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India

Abstract


The seeds of Butea parviflora were investigated for oil extraction and the oil was studied for complete physico-chemical properties. The fatty acid profile of the seed oil showed oleic acid (18:1) at 27.5%, linoleic acid (18:2) at 26.4%, palmitic acid (16:0) at 16.1% and behenic acid (22:0) at 14.1% as the major fatty acids. The physico-chemical characteristics of the seed oil were studied for parameters such as free fatty acids (0.71%), iodine value (76.2 g/100g), peroxide value (5.95 ppm), saponification value (177.32 mg KOH/g), unsaponifiable matter (0.82%), phosphorous content (197 ppm), triglyceride analysis, tocols, specific gravity and refractive index following standard procedures.

Keywords


Butea parviflora; Fatty acids; Seed oil; Sterols; Tocopherols; Triterpenoid

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