Grasas y Aceites, Vol 67, No 4 (2016)

Fatty acid composition of the pollen lipids of Cycas revoluta Thunb


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0446161

R. A. Sidorov
Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

E. I. Kuznetsova
Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences

V. P. Pchelkin
Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

A. V. Zhukov
Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

E. N. Gorshkova
Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

V. D. Tsydendambaev
Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation

Abstract


The fatty acid (FA) composition of total extractable and non extractable with chloroform lipids of C. revoluta pollen was determined. Among other minor FAs, unusual Δ5 polymethylene-interrupted FA, Δ5, 11-octadecadienoic acid was found. This FA was found in the seed lipids of C. revoluta earlier, but it was discovered for the first time in pollen lipids.

Keywords


Cycas revoluta; Fatty acids; Gymnosperm species; Pollen; Sago palm; Δ5-fatty acids

Full Text:


HTML PDF XML

References


Davidoff F, Korn ED. 1962. Lipids of Dictyostelium discoideum: Phospholipid composition and the presence of two new fatty acids: cis,cis-5,11-octadecadienoic and cis,cis-5,9-hexadecadienoic acids. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 9, 54-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-291X(62)90086-4

Christie WW. 2012a. Dienoic Fatty Acids. Mass Spectra of DMOX Derivatives: Methylene-Interrupted Dienoic Fatty Acids. http://lipidlibrary.aocs.org/content.cfm?ItemNumber=39500

Christie WW. 2012b. 4,4-Dimethyloxazoline (DMOX) Derivatives of Fatty Acids.

Gellerman JL, Schlenk H. 1963. A Group of Fatty Acids with Tetramethylene Interruption in the Double Bond System, Experientia 19, 522–523. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02150889 PMid:14094055

Hill KD, Stevenson DW, Osborne R. 2004. The World List of Cycads. The Bot. Rev. 70, 274–298. https://doi.org/10.1663/0006-8101(2004)070[0274:TWLOC]2.0.CO;2

Kramer KU, Green PS, Götz E. 1990. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 370. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-02604-5

Laubenfels DJ, Adema F. 1998. A taxonomic revision of the genera Cycas and Epicycas Gen. Nov. (Cycadaceae). Blumea 43, 351–400.

Mongrand S, Badoc A, Patouille B, Lacomblez Ch, Chavent M, Cassagne C, Bessoule J-J. 2001. Taxonomy of gymnospermae: multivariate analyses of leaf fatty acid composition. Phytochemistry 58, 101–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00139-X

Takagi T, Itabashi Y. 1982. cis-5 Olefinic Unusual Fatty Acids in Seed Lipids of Gymnospermae and Their Distribution in Triacylglycerols. Lipids 17, 716–723. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02534657

Sidorov RA, Zhukov AV, Pchelkin VP, Vereshchagin AG, Tsydendambaev VD. (2014) Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Neutral Acylglycerols in Euonymus Fruits J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 91, 805–814. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-014-2425-2

Wolff RL, Christie WW. 2002. Structures, practical sources (gymnosperm seeds), gas-liquid chromatographic data (equivalent chain lengths), and mass spectrometric characteristics of all-cis 5-olefinic acids. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol. 104, 234–244. https://doi.org/10.1002/1438-9312(200204)104:4<234::AID-EJLT234>3.0.CO;2-H

Wolff RL, Christie WW, Pédrono F, Marpeau AM, Tsevegsüren N, Aitzetmüller K, Gunstone FD. 1999. ?5-Olefinic Acids in the Seed Lipids from Four Ephedra Species and Their Distribution Between the ? and ? Positions of Triacylglycerols. Characteristics Common to Coniferophytes and Cycadophytes. Lipids 34, 855–864. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-999-0433-1 PMid:10529097

Wolff RL, Christie WW, Marpeau AM. 1999. Reinvestigation of the Polymethylene-Interrupted 18:2 and 20:2 Acids of Ginkgo biloba Seed Lipids. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 76, 273–277. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-999-0230-0

Wolff RL, Pédrono F, Pasquier E, Marpeau AM. 2000. General Characteristics of Pinus spp. Seed Fatty Acid Compositions, and Importance of ?5-Olefinic Acids in the Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Genus. Lipids 35, 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-000-0489-y PMid:10695919




Copyright (c) 2016 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us grasasyaceites@ig.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es