Grasas y Aceites, Vol 68, No 4 (2017)

Effects of nitrogen fertilization and nitrification inhibitor product on vegetative growth, production and oil quality in ‘Arbequina’ hedgerow and ‘Picual’ vase-trained orchards


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0441171

A. Centeno
Dpto. Producción Agraria. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5592-5447

J. M. García
Dpto. Bioquímica y Biología Molecular de Productos Vegetales. Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5669-218X

M. Gómez-del-Campo
Dpto. Producción Agraria. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4488-586X

Abstract


Two experiments were carried out in olive orchards in the center of Spain over a three-year period. In this cold and dry area, growers traditionally apply large amounts of N with no experimental knowledge. An ‘Arbequina’ hedgerow and ‘Picual’ vase orchards were fertilized with two N-doses applied to the soil in spring with or without the nitrification inhibitor (DMPP). Vegetative growth, fruit and oil characteristics were evaluated. These variables were affected by the N-treatment during the 3rd year. The lowest N-application increased vegetative growth, while when N-leaf composition was higher than 2%, fruit dry weight, oil content and oil phenol content were reduced. ‘Picual’ did not respond to N-applications. The effect of DMPP on growth or production was not consistent and a lower phenolic content was obtained for ‘Arbequina’. Our results demonstrated that in this dry land, N-fertilization is not always necessary and oil quality can be negatively affected with high doses.

Keywords


Leaf analysis; Oil quality; Olea europaea L.; Olive fertilization; Phenolic compounds; Reproductive components

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