Grasas y Aceites, Vol 68, No 4 (2017)

Quality characteristics and thermal behavior of buriti (Mauritia flexuosa L.) oil


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0557171

M. L.F. Freitas
São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Biosciences, Humanities and Exact Sciences (IBILCE), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3172-6122

R. C. Chisté
Faculty of Food Engineering (FEA), Institute of Technology (ITEC), Federal University of Pará (UFPA, Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4549-3297

T. C. Polachini
São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Biosciences, Humanities and Exact Sciences (IBILCE), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5012-6416

L. A.C.Z. Sardella
São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Biosciences, Humanities and Exact Sciences (IBILCE), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4419-2425

C. P.M. Aranha
School of Engineering (FAEN), Federal University of Grande Dourados (UFGD), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6129-6218

A. P.B. Ribeiro
Department of Food Technology (DTA), School of Food Engineering (FEA), University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6532-1265

V. R. Nicoletti
São Paulo State University (UNESP), Institute of Biosciences, Humanities and Exact Sciences (IBILCE), Brazil
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2553-4629

Abstract


This work reports a complete characterization of buriti oil. Physicochemical properties were determined according to AOCS methodologies and thermophysical properties were measured using a controlled stress rheometer and a digital electronic density meter. β-carotene and tocopherol contents were obtained using HPLC systems. Fatty acids and acylglycerol classes were determined using GC and HPSEC systems, respectively, while triacylglycerol composition was estimated using the software PrOleos. Thermal behavior (crystallization and melting) was analyzed using a DSC. The results attested high levels of total carotenoids with β-carotene as the major one; total tocopherols contained α- and β-tocopherols which accounted for 91% of the total; and monounsaturated fatty acids were mainly represented by oleic acid. The results showed close agreement between density and viscosity of buriti and olive oils. The crystallization and melting peaks occurred at -43.06 °C and -2.73 °C, respectively. These properties enable Buriti oil to be recommended as an excellent alternative for enriching foods with bioactive compounds.

Keywords


β-carotene; Carotenoids; Monounsaturated fatty acid; Oleic acid; Tocopherols; Triunsaturated triacylglycerols

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