Grasas y Aceites, Vol 69, No 4 (2018)

Quality preservation of walnut kernels using edible coatings


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0350181

A. L. Grosso
Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (UNC), Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3174-5745

C. M. Asensio
Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (UNC), Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0744-9188

V. Nepote
Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (UNC), Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)., Argentina
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0615-5316

N. R. Grosso
Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (UNC), Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1709-9671

Abstract


The objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of various edible coatings for preserving the quality of walnut kernels (W) during storage. Three edible coatings based on carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), methyl cellulose (MC) and whey protein isolates (WP) were prepared. Coated and uncoated walnuts (WC) were stored for 210 days at room temperature (23±2 °C). After 210 days, WC presented the highest peroxide value (PV = 3.06 meqO2/kg), conjugated dienes (CD = 3.01) and trienes (CT = 0.31), pentanal, nonanal, hexanal, and decane, 5,6-bis (2,2-dimethylpropylidene) contents. Meanwhile, WMC showed the lowest PV (1.20 meqO2/kg), CD (2.26) and CT (0.17) and the lowest decrease in carotenoid content (0.60 mg/kg). The L* value measured in walnut oil decreased in all samples. MC, CMC and WP coatings showed protection on walnuts against the deterioration process. MC coating displayed the best performance.

Keywords


Coatings; Oxidation; Preservation; Walnuts

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