Grasas y Aceites, Vol 53, No 2 (2002)

Influence of malaxation time of olive paste on oil extraction yields and chemical and organoleptic characteristics of virgin olive oil obtained by a centrifugal decanter at water saving


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.2002.v53.i2.302

L. Di Giovacchino
Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica, Italy

N. Costantini
Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica, Italy

M. L. Ferrante
Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica, Italy

A. Serraiocco
Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica, Italy

Abstract


Experimental tests were carried out to ascertain the influence of malaxation time of olive paste on extraction yields and qualitative characteristics of virgin olive oils obtained by a centrifugal decanter at water saving. Results show that malaxation time has to be no less than 45 minutes to have a satisfactory oil extraction yield. Furthermore, it was ascertained that the malaxation time, protracted up to 90 minutes, does not have influence upon qualitative and organoleptic characteristics of oils. Only the total phenols content of oils changed significantly when the malaxation time of olive paste increased from 15 to 90 minutes. However, in this research has been demonstrated that in some cases the total phenols content of oils increased during the first 30-45 minutes of malaxation and after it diminished. This is due to the variation of total phenols content of vegetable water that in the first time increased and after diminished very quickly. Because of the partition equilibrium law, the total phenols content of oil changed in the same way. Finally, results show that the composition of volatile substances of head-space of oils did not change increasing the malaxation time of olive paste obtained from good quality olive fruits.

Keywords


Malaxation of olive paste; Olive processing; Virgin olive oil

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