Grasas y Aceites, Vol 61, No 1 (2010)

Preparation and evaluation of sulphonamide nonionic surfactants


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.053509

M. H. M. Ahmed
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Benha University, Egypt

Abstract


Alkyl (octyl, decyl and dodecyl; C8,C10 and C12) benzene sulphonyl chloride was used in the preparation of a novel series of nonionic surfactants (IV-VI)a-c, (VII-IX) a-c and (X-XII)a-c. The preparations were completed by reacting each alkyl (C8,C10 and C12) benzene sulphonyl chloride with ethanolamine to give (I-III) respectively. The resulting products were reacted separately with ethylene oxide in the presence of different (base KOH, Lewis acid SnCl4 and k10 clay) catalysts to produce different moles of nonionic surfactants (5, 7 and 9) in sequence corresponding to (IV-VI)a-c, (VII-IX) a-c and (X-XII)a-c respectively. The chemical structures of prepared nonionic surfactants were elucidated by IR and 1HNMR spectra. The surface activity, biodegradability and biological activities of the prepared compounds were investigated. The obtained data show that these compounds have good surface and biological activities as well as reasonable biodegradability properties.

Keywords


Biological activity; Nonionic surfactant; K10 clay catalyst; Surface activity

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