Grasas y Aceites, Vol 61, No 1 (2010)

Total lipids and fatty acid profile in the liver of wild and farmed Catla catla fish

Muhammad Hassan
Department of Zoology, GC University, Pakistan

Shahzad Ali Shahid Chatha
Department of Chemistry, GC University, Pakistan

Ismat Tahira
Department of Zoology, GC University, Pakistan

Bilal Hussain
Department of Bioinformatics, GC University, Pakistan


This experimental work was aimed to study the moisture content, total lipids and fatty acid profile in the liver of wild and farmed freshwater major carp Catla catla of three different weight categories designated as W1 (601-900g), W2 (901- 1200)g and W3 (1201-1500g). Seven fish specimens of each of the three weight categories of wild and farmed Catla catla were obtained from Trimu Head, Jhang and Fish Hatchery, Satiana Road and Faisalabad, respectively. The fish were dissected to remove the liver and after weighing, liver samples were prepared and subjected to chemical analysis. Wild Catla catla liver had a significantly (p < 0.05) higher moisture content as compared to the farmed species. Farmed Catla catla deposited significantly (p < 0.05) higher lipid contents in liver. Proportions of saturated fatty acids varied irregularly in the lipids of the liver from both wild and farmed Catla catla. Saturated fatty acids C12:0, C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, C20:0 and C22:0 were identified with considerable percentages in the liver of Catla catla from both habitats and monounsaturated fatty acid C18:1 was found in considerable amounts in the liver of both major carp. Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as C18:3 (n-6) and C20: 2 (n-6) were detected in the liver of the wild fish of W2 and W3 and was similar in the W3 weight category of the farmed species.


Catla catla farmed; Catla catla wild; Lipids; Liver; Moisture; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Saturated fatty acids; Weight category

Full Text:



Al-Asgha N A. 1992. Variation in the carcass composition of Oreochromis niloticus in relation to body weight and length. Pak. J. Zool. 24, 47-51.

AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemist). 1990. Official methods of analyis 7th ed. (S. Villiams ed.). AOAC, INC, ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA.

Caulton M S, Burselle E. 1977. The relationship between changes in condition and body composition in young Tilapia rendalli. Boulenger. J. Fish. Biol. 11, 143-150. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1977.tb04107.x

Craig SR, Mackenzie DS, Jones GG, Delbert M. 2000. Seasonal changes in the reproductive condition and body “compositon of free-renging red drum, Sciaenops ocealltus. Aquaculture 190, 89-102. doi:10.1016/S0044-8486(00)00386-0

Hassan M. 1996. Influence of pond fertilization with broiler dropping on the growth performance and meat quality of major carps. Ph.D. Thesis Univ. Agr. Faisalabad. P. 195.

Hussain B. 2002. Total lipds of fatty acid profile of Liver, Gonadsan Muscles, from wild and farmed Labeo rohita. M.Sc. Thesis, University of the Punjab, Lahore. P. 109.

Kiessling A, Pickova J, Johasson L, Asgard T, Storebakken T, Kiessling KH. 2001. Changes in fatty acid composition in muscle and adipose tissue of farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in relation to age. Food Chem. 73, 271 – 284. doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00297-1

Kromhout DE, Bosscheiter EB, Lezenn CD. 1985. Inverse relation between fish oil consumption and 20 years mortality from coronary heat disease. New Engl. J. Med. 312, 1205 – 1209. PMid:3990713

Kumar D. 1992. Fish culture in un-drainable ponds. A manual for extension F.A.O. Fisheries Technical paper. No. 235. Rome: 239.

Love RT, Miyazaikr T, Rabegnator S. 1984. Requirements for alpha – tocopherol by channel cat fish fed diets low in polyunsaturated triglycerides. J. Nutr. 114, 894– 901.

Mahboob S. 1992. Influence of fertilizwer and articial feed on the growth performance in composite culture of major common and some Chinese carps. Ph.D. Theis (Deptt. of Zoology and Fisheries), Univ. of Agril., Faisalabad.

Mahboob S, Sheri AN. 1997. Growth performance of major, common and Chinese carps under composite culture system with special reference to pond fertilization. Aqua. Trop. 12, 201-207.

Mahboob S, Kanwal S, Hassan M, Hussain A, Nadeem S. 2003. Fatty acid composition in Muscle, liver and gonad from wild and farmed Cirrhina mrigala. Aquaculture Europe 2003, Trondheim, Norway, 8-12.

Osman H, Suriah AR, EC. 2001. Fatty acid compositon selected marine fish Malaysian waters. Food Chem. 73, 55-60. doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00277-6

Perumal S, Becker K. 2003. Antioxidant properties of various solvent extracts of total phenolic constituents from three agroclimatic origins of Drumstick tree leaves. J. Agri. Food Chem. 51, 2144-2155. doi:10.1021/jf020444+ PMid:12670148

Polvi SM, Ackman RG. 1992. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) muscle lipids and their response to alternative dietary fatty acid sources. J. Agri. Food Chem. 40, 1001-1007. doi:10.1021/jf00018a018

S. A. S. 1995. Statistical Analysis System. SAS Institute, Inc., P.O. Box 8000, Cary, North Carolina, USA.

Sargent JR, Bell J, Bell MVL, Henderson RJ, Tocher DR. 1995. Requirement criteria for essential fatty acids. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 11, 183 – 198. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0426.1995.tb00018.x

Saify ZS, Akhtar S, Khan KM, Perveen S, Ayattollahi SAM, Hassan S, Arif M, Haider SM, Ahmad F, Siddiqui S, Khan MZ. 2003. A study on fatty acid composition of fish liver oil from two marine fish, Eusphyra blochii and Carcharhinus bleekeri, Turk. J. Chem. 27, 251-258.

Srikanth GN, Nadeesha MC, Keshavanth P, Varghese TJ, Shetty HPC and Basavaraja N. 1989. On the applicability of mixed feeding schedule of common carp Cyprinus carrpio Ye. Communis. In: E.A. Huismain, Zoonneveld, and A.H. Boumans (Eds.). Proceddings of the Asian Seminal on Aquaculture, Malang, Indonesia, 14-18.

Tabassum N. 2003. Fatty acid profile of fish flesh fromcyprinus carpio and Hypophthalmichthy moltitrix. M.Sc. Thesis Department of Zoology, GC University, Faisalabad.p. 105.

Voss A, Reinhart M, Sankarappa S, Sprecher H. 1991. The metabolism of 7, 10, 13, 16, 19dcosahexaenoc acid in rat liver is independent of a 4-desturase. J. Biol. Chem. 266, 195-200.

Copyright (c) 2010 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact us

Technical support