Grasas y Aceites, Vol 61, No 1 (2010)

Physicochemical characterization and thermal behavior of guanabana (Annona muricata) seed “almond” oil


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.064309

J. A. Solís-Fuentes
Instituto de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico

C. Amador-Hernández
Instituto de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico

M. R. Hernández-Medel
Instituto de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico

M. C. Durán-de-Bazúa
Departamento de Ingeniería Química. Facultad de Química, UNAM, Mexico

Abstract


In this work some physicochemical properties and the thermal behavior and stability of sour sop or guanabana (Annona muricata) seed “almond” oil were studied by means of chemical, DSC and TG analysis. The results showed that the almond has 2.5% ash, 17.9% crude fiber, 15.7% protein, 26.0% de carbohydrates and 37.7% oil (dry base). The composition of almond oil showed 68.5% unsaturated fatty acids, mainly oleic and linoleic, and some palmitoleic acids, and 31.5% saturated, principally palmitic and stearic fatty acids; refraction index was 1.468 and saponification and iodine value were 168.2 and 87.0, respectively. DSC thermal analysis showed that oil crystallization initiates at -4.5 °C and ends at -79.0 °C with a crystallization enthalpy of 48.2 J/g; the oil melts in a temperature range from -42.4 to +16.9 °C, with a maximum peak at -15 °C and a fusion enthalpy of 80.5 J/g. The oil remained liquid at refrigeration temperatures with minimal SFC and free of crystals at temperatures over 10 °C. TG analysis showed that the thermal decomposition of the oil in a N2 atmosphere starts at 380 °C and ends at 442 °C, with a maximum decomposition rate at 412 °C. Under oxidizing conditions its decomposition begins at 206 °C and concludes at 567 °C. In accordance with this study, sour sop almond seed contains large amounts of an oil that possesses similar characteristics to those of salad and cooking oils.

Keywords


Annona muricata; Sour sop; Sour sop almond oil; DSC analysis; TG analysis; Vegetable oils

Full Text:


PDF

References


Bannon CD, Craske JD, Hai NT, Harper NL, O’Rourke K. 1982. Analysis of fatty acid methyl esters with high accuracy and reliability II. Methylation of fats and oils with boron trifluoride-methanol. J. Chrom. A 247, 63-69. doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(00)84856-6

Blaine RL. 1975. Thermal analytical characterization of lube oils and greases. In Proceedings of the 43 Annual Meeting of NLGI. St. Louis Missouri, EE.UU.

Bories C, Loiseau P, Cortes D, Myint SH, Hocquemiller R, Gayral P, Cavé A, Laurens A. 1991. Antiparasitic activity of Annona muricata and Annona cherimolia seeds Planta Medica 57, 434-436. doi:10.1055/s-2006-960143 PMid:1798795

Branch LC, da Silva IMF. 1983. Folk Medicine of Alter do Chao, Para, Brazil, Acta Amazonica 13, 737-797.

Damico DCS, Freire MGM, Gomes VM, Toyama MH, Marangoni S, Novello JC, Macedo MLR. 2003. Isolation and Characterization of a Lectin from Annona muricata Seeds. Journal of Protein Chemistry 22, 655-661. doi:10.1023/B:JOPC.0000008730.50675.de PMid:14714732

Gleye C, Laurens A, Hocquemiller R, Faucheur N, Serani L, Laprévote O. 1998. Mass spectrometry and structure elucidation of 15-palmitoyl- and 15-oleylsolamin, the first known fatty acid esters of acetogenins from Annona muricata L. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom 12, 1051-1056. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0231(19980831)12:16<1051::AID-RCM283>3.0.CO;2-2

Gouveia de Souza A, Oliveira Santos JC, Conceição MM, Dantas Silva MC, Prasad A. 2004 Thermoanalytic and kinetic study of sunflower oil. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering 21, 265-273.

Hendrikse PW, Harwood JL, Kates M. 1994. Analytical methods. In The Lipids Handbook, Gunstone, F.D. y Hornwood, J. L. (Ed) Chapman and Hall Chemical Database. Nueva York, EE.UU.

Hiroshi M, Yumiko S, Kit-Lam C, Chee-Yan C, Hideji I, Koichi T, Jun’ichi K. 2000. Samoquasine A, a Benzoquinazoline Alkaloid from the Seeds of Annona squamosa J. Nat. Prod. 63, 1707-1708. doi:10.1021/np000342i PMid:11141125

Horwitzs, W. 1980. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists. AOAC. Washington, DC. EEUU.

Kim DH, Ma ES, Suk KD, Son JK, Lee JS, Woo MH. 2001. Annomolin and Annocherimolin, new cytotoxic Annonaceous acetogenins from Annona cherimolia seeds. J. Nat. Prod. 64, 502-506. doi:10.1021/np000335u PMid:11325235

Lambelet P, Raemy A. 1983. Isosolid diagrams of fat from thermal analysis data. JAOCS, 60, 845-847. Mehlenbacher VC. 1970. Análisis de grasas y aceites. Ediciones Urmo. Bilbao, España.

Microcal (1999). Origin 6.0. Microcal Software Inc. Northampton, MA, EE.UU.

O’Brien R. 1998. Fats and Oils. Technomic Pub. Co. Lancaster, Penn. EEUU.

Onimawo IA. 2002. Proximate composition and selected physicochemical properties of the seed pulp and oil of sour sop (Annona Muricata L.). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 57, 165-171. doi:10.1023/A:1015228231512 PMid:12049148

Peters M, Badrie N, Comissiong E. 2001. Processiing and quality evaluation of sour sop (Annona Muricata L.) Journal of Food Quality Nectar, 24, 361-374. doi:10.1111/j.1745-4557.2001.tb00616.x

Santos Pimenta LP, Pinto GB, Takahashi JA, Silva LGF, Boaventura MAD. 2003. Biological screening of Annonaceous Brazilian Medicinal Plants using Artemia salina (Brine Shrimp Test). Phytomedicine 10, 209-212. doi:10.1078/094471103321659960

Santos JCO, Santos AV, Souza AG. 2001. Thermal Analysis in Quality Control of the Olive Oil. Europ. J. Pharm. Sci. 13, 23-S24.

Santos JCO, Santos AV, Souza AG, Prasad S, Santos IMG. 2002. Thermal Stability and Kinetic Study on Thermal Decomposition of Commercial Edible Oils by Thermogravimetry. J. Food Science 67, 1393-1398. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.2002.tb10296.x

Sathivel S, Prinyawiwatkul W, Negulescu I, King JM, Basnayake BFA. 2003. Thermal Degradation of FA and Catfish and Menhaden Oils at Different Refining Steps JAOCS 80, 1131-1134.

Solís-Fuentes JA, Durán-de-Bazúa MC. 2004. Mango seed uses: Thermal behaviour of mango seed almond fat and its mixtures with cocoa butter. Bioresource Technology 92, 71-78. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2003.07.003

Son JK, Kim DH, Woo MH. 2003. Two new epimeric pairs of acetogenins bearing a carbonyl group from Annona cherimolia seeds J. Nat. Prod. 66, 1369-1372. doi:10.1021/np0301487 PMid:14575439

Tan CP, Che-Man YB. 2000. Differential scanning calorimetric analysis of edible oils: Comparison of thermal properties and chemical composition. JAOCS 77, 143-155. doi:10.1007/s11746-000-0024-6

We’le´ A, Landon C, Labbe´ H, Vovelle F, Zhang Y, Bodo B. 2004a. Sequence and solution structure of cherimolacyclopeptides A and B, novel cyclooctapeptides from the seeds of Annona cherimola. Tetrahedron 60, 405-414. doi:10.1016/j.tet.2003.11.026

We’le´ A, Zhang Z, Ndoye I, Brouard JP, Pousset JL, Bodo B, 2004b. A cytotoxic cyclic heptapeptide from the seeds of Annona cherimola. J. Nat. Products 67, 1577-1579. doi:10.1021/np040068i PMid:15387664

We’le´ A, Ndoye I, Zhang Y, Brouard JP, Bodo B. 2005. Cherimolacyclopeptide D, a novel cycloheptapeptide from the seeds of Annona cherimola. Phytochemistry 66, 693-696. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.12.011 PMid:15771892

Wu L, Lu Y, Zheng QT, Tan NH, Li CM, Zhou J. 2007. Study on the spatial structure of annomuricatin A, a cyclohexapeptide from the seeds of Annona muricata. Journal of Molecular Structure 827, 145-148 doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2006.05.016




Copyright (c) 2010 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact us grasasyaceites@ig.csic.es

Technical support soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es