Grasas y Aceites, Vol 61, No 1 (2010)

Antioxidant activity of wild edible plants in the Black Sea Region of Turkey


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.075509

Tevfik Özen
Giresun University, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Turkey

Abstract


The antioxidative activity of the 80% ethanol extract obtained from eleven commonly consumed wild edible plants was determined according to the phosphomolybdenum method, reducing power, metal chelating, superoxide anion and free radical scavenging activity and compared to standard compounds such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and trolox. Total phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and anthocyanins in the extracts were also measured. Trachystemon orientalis, Vaccinium mrytillus, Rumex acetosella Polygonum amphibium, Beta vulgaris, and Similax Excelsa had the highest antioxidant capacities. Overall results showed that these plants can serve as good sources of bioactive polyphenols in the human diet and can be regarded as good candidates for nutritional supplement formulations due to their high concentrations of total phenolic compounds, flavonoids and anthocyanins as well as their strong antioxidant activity.

Keywords


Antioxidant activity; Anthocyanins; Black Sea Region; Flavonoids; Total phenolic compounds; Wild edible plants

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