Grasas y Aceites, Vol 49, No 5-6 (1998)

Physical and chemical characteristics of toilet soap made from apricot kernel oil and palm stearin.


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.1998.v49.i5-6.754

Adel Y. Girgis
Oil and Fat Res. Dept., Food Technology Res. Institute, Agricultural Res. Center, Egypt

N.M. Abd El-Aziz
Oil and Fat Res. Dept., Food Technology Res. Institute, Agricultural Res. Center, Egypt

S.M. Abd El-Salam
Oil and Fat Res. Dept., Food Technology Res. Institute, Agricultural Res. Center, Egypt

Abstract


The objective of the present work was to use apricot kernel oil with palm stearin in toilet soap-making. Apricot kernel oil was obtained from apricot kernel seed (Prunus armeniaca) through hydraulic pressing (12000lb/in2). Kernel contained 43.3% oil. The fatty acids of apricot kernel oil had high oleic acid (81.73%) while, the major of the fatty acid in palm stearin was palmitic acid (55.17%). Eight of the toilet soap samples were prepared from apricot kernel oil, palm kernel oil and palm stearin at different ratios. The structure of soap samples nº1 and 8 were sticky and with bad physical properties. On the other hand, the physical characteristics of blends nos 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 had firm consistency and creamy lather while, in soap nº 7, its were moderatement; i. e. medium hard makeup with fairly lather. After storage (6 months) on a shelf at room temperature, all soaps (nº1-8) were declined in their moisture content. On contrary, the total fatty acids of the same samples were augmented at different ratios during storage. Physical characteristics of soap samples nos 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 were increased after the storage time (6 months), their consistencies were very firm with creamy lather and reducement in their erosion from handwashing ratios was observed. It can be recommended that apricot kernel oil can be used in the manufacturing of toilet soap until ratio 50% of the fatty blend (the blend was bear palm stearin).

Keywords


Apricot Kernel oil; Palm stearin; Physical properties; Toilet soap.

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