Grasas y Aceites, Vol 52, No 3-4 (2001)

Effect of drought stress on qualitative characteristics of olive oil of cv Koroneiki


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.2001.v52.i3-4.358

Evangelia Stefanoudaki
National Agricultural Research Foundation, Subtropical Plants and Olive Tree Institute, Greece

Kostas Chartzoulakis
National Agricultural Research Foundation, Subtropical Plants and Olive Tree Institute, Greece

Aristidis Koutsaftakis
National Agricultural Research Foundation, Subtropical Plants and Olive Tree Institute, Greece

Fani Kotsifaki
National Agricultural Research Foundation, Subtropical Plants and Olive Tree Institute, Greece

Abstract


Quality characteristics (acidity, peroxide values, K232, K270, oxidative stability) and chemical compositional data (fatty acids, sterols and triacylglycerols) were studied in virgin olive oil samples from olive trees, cv Koroneiki, subjected to different water regimes. Experimental trials were carried out using three-year old own-rooted olive trees (Olea europaea L) variety Koroneiki. Plants were subjected to two irrigation treatments to maintain soil water potential to -0.03 MPa and -1.5 MPa. Results showed that irrigation significantly increased the fruit oil content and the oxidative stability and peroxide value of the resulting oil. Olive oil from fruits of irrigated trees showed significant higher values in total saturated fatty acids. Total sterols were also significantly influenced by irrigation. Acidity and specific absorption coefficients K232, K270, of olive oils were not significantly affected.

Keywords


Drought stress; Quality; Variety koroneiki; Virgin olive oil

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