Grasas y Aceites, Vol 61, No 2 (2010)

Modeling of an immobilized lipase tubular reactor for the production of glycerol and fatty acids from oils


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.087609

Sebastián Oddone
Instituto de Tecnología, Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Argentina de la Empresa, Argentina

Mariano Grasselli
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes Roque Sáenz Peña, Argentina

Anahí Cuellas
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes Roque Sáenz Peña, Argentina

Abstract


Advances in the design of a bioreactor in the fats and oils industry have permitted the hydrolysis of triglycerides in mild conditions and improved productivity while avoiding the formation of unwanted byproducts. The present work develops a mathematical model that describes the hydrolytic activity of a tubular reactor with immobilized lipases for the production of glycerol and fatty acids from the oil trade. Runge Kutta’s numerical method of high order has been applied, considering that there is no accumulation of the substratum in the surface of the membrane, where the enzyme is. At the same time, different equations based on the kinetic model of Michaelis Mentens and the Ping-Pong bi-bi mechanism were examined. Experimental data in discontinuous systems are the basis for the development of the quantitative mathematical model that was used to simulate the process computationally. The obtained results allow for optimizing both the operative variables and the economic aspects of industrial processes.

Keywords


Bioreactor; Immobilization; Lipase; Modeling; Oils; Simulation

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References


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