Effect of carvacrol on the oxidative stability of palm oil during frying


  • T. İnanç Gaziantep University, Engineering Faculty, Food Engineering Department
  • M. Maskan Gaziantep University, Engineering Faculty, Food Engineering Department




Carvacrol, Frying, Natural antioxidant, Oxidative stability, Palm oil


Fats and oils deteriorate physically and chemically at frying temperatures due to several reasons. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of carvacrol on the oxidative stability of palm oil during a repeated frying process. Potatoes were serially fried in carvacrol-added palm oil, BHT-added palm oil and a control oil (without any antioxidants). After each tenth frying cycle, several chemical analyses were carried out on collected samples to evaluate deterioration in the oils. The free fatty acid, para-anisidine, iodine, and total polar component values of the fresh oil were 0.080, 2.85, 57.1 and 7.5, respectively. These values changed to 0.165, 11.80, 46.7, 11.0, respectively for the control oil; 0.151, 11.28, 49.2 and 10.5 for BHT-added oil; 0.140, 7.19, 51.7, 10.0 for carvacrol-added oil after 40 frying cycles. The results revealed that the use of carvacrol could significantly improve the oxidative stability of palm oil when compared to the control samples. This effect was also comparable to BHT. Using carvacrol in frying oil slowed down the rate of the formation of conjugated dienes and trienes compared to the oil with BHT and the control. The frying process significantly changed the viscosity of the oil samples.


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How to Cite

İnanç T, Maskan M. Effect of carvacrol on the oxidative stability of palm oil during frying. Grasas aceites [Internet]. 2014Dec.30 [cited 2024Mar.4];65(4):e042. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/1507