Use of Echium oil fatty acids and tricaprylin as substrates of enzymatic interesterification for the production of structured lipids
Keywords:Echium oil, Enzymatic acidolysis, Lipozyme® RM IM, Response surface methodology, Stearidonic acid, Tricaprylin
Structured lipids (SLs) were produced from the free fatty acids of Echium oil and tricaprylin by enzymatic acidolysis reactions. Lipozyme® RM IM, immobilized sn-1,3 specific lipase was used in the enzymatic reactions. In order to optimize the incorporation of stearidonic acid (SDA), three factors were chosen [Reaction temperature (50-60 ºC), reaction time (6-12 hour) and substrate molar ratio (3-6 mol/mol (total free fatty acids/tricaprylin)] for the application of response surface methodology (RSM) using a central composite circumscribed design (CCC) with five levels. The optimum temperature, time and substrate molar ratio obtained from the models were 60 ºC; 6 h, 6 mol/mol, respectively. Furthermore, SLs with 6.2% SDA content at sn-2 position were produced by scaling up the process. SL was obtained with nearly 78-79% of long-chain fatty acids at the sn-2 position. According to the melting profile analysis, the melting peaks of tricaprylin and Echium oil were sharper and narrower while the SL had more broadened peaks.
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