Variation in oil content and fatty acid composition of sesame accessions from different origins




Fatty Acid, LDR, Linoleic Acid, ODR, Oil Content, Sesame


Oil content and fatty acid composition are very important parameters for the human consumption of oilseed crops. Twenty-four sesame accessions including seven collected from various geographical regions of Turkey and 11 from different countries were investigated under field conditions for two consecutive years (2015 and 2016). The sesame accessions varied widely in their oil content and fatty acid compositions. The oil content varied between 44.6 and 53.1% with an average value of 48.15%. The content of oleic acids, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid,and stearic acid varied between 36.13–43.63%, 39.13–46.38%, 0.28–0.4%, 8.19–10.26%, and 4.63–6.35%, respectively. When total oil content and fatty acid composition were compared, Turkish sesame showed wide variation in oil and fatty acid compositions compared to those from other countries. However, the accessions from other countries were fewer compared to those from Turkey. It is essential to compare oil and fatty acid composition using a large number of germ plasm from different origins. In sesame oil, the average contents of oleic acid and linoleic acid were 39.02% and 43.64%, respectively, and their combined average content was 82.66%, representing the major fatty acid components in the oil from the sesame accessions used in the present study. The results obtained in this study provide useful information for the identification of better parents with high linoleic and oleic acid contents for developing elite sesame varieties with traits which are beneficial to consumer health.


Download data is not yet available.


AOAC, 1984. Official Methods of Analysis, 14th Ed., Assoc. of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington,DC.

Ashri A. 1989. Sesame Oil crops of the world: their breeding and utilization. In: Robbelen G, Downey RK, Ashri A (eds) McGraw Hill, NY, pp 375–387.

Baloch FS, Karaköy T, Demirba? A, Toklu F, Ozkan H, Hatipoglu R. 2014. Variation of some seed mineral contents in open pollinated faba bean (Vicia faba L.) landraces from Turkey. Turkish J. Agric. Forestry 38, 591-602.

Baydar H, Turgut I, Turgut K. 1999. Variation of certain characters and line selection for yield, oil, oleic acid and linoleic acid in Turkish sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) population. Turkish J. Agric. Forestry 23, 431–441.

Bedigian D. 2004. History and lore of sesame in Southwest Asia. Economic Botany 58, 329–353.[0330:HALOSI]2.0.CO;2

Bedigian D. 2010. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants- Industrial Profiles; Sesame: The genus Sesamum. CRC press.

Bhunia RK, Chakraborty A, Kaur R, Gayatri T, Bhat KV, Basu A, Maiti MK, Sen SK. 2015. Analysis of Fatty Acid and Lignan Composition of Indian Germplasm of Sesame to Evaluate Their Nutritional Merits. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 92, 65–76.

Chandel KPS, Shukla G, Sharma N. 1996. Biodiversity in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India: Conservation and Utilization. ICAR– NBPGR Publication, New Delhi, India.

Farno LA. 1999. Oil and Fatty Acid Profiles of Soybeans (Maturity Groups IV, V, AND VI). MSc. Thesis, Oklahoma State University.

Ghafoorunissa G. 1994. Dietary fats/oils and heart diseases. In: Prasad MVR (ed) Sustainability in oil seeds. Indian Society of Oil Seeds Research, Hyderabad, pp 486–490.

Johnson LA, Suleiman TM,Lusas EW. 1979. Sesame protein: a review and prospectus. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 56, 463–468. PMid:395182

Kapoor LD. 2001. Handbook of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. Herbal Reference Library Edition, CRC Press, New York.

Keneni G, Jarso M, Wolabu T, Dino G. 2005. Extent and pattern of genetic diversity for morpho-agronomic traits in Ethiopian highland pulse landraces. II. Faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 52, 551–561.

Kobayashi T. 1986. Goma no kita michi. [The Path of Sesame]. Iwanami Shoten, Japan. [in Japanese].

Kurt C, Arioglu H, Erdem T, Akkaya MR, El Sabagh A. Isalam, M.S. 2016. A comparative study of fatty acid extraction methods of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) varieties grown under mediterranean environment. J. Experimental Biol. Agric. Sci. 4, October.

Mondal N, Bhat VK, Srivastava SP. 2010. Variation in fatty acid composition in Indian germplasm of sesame. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 87, 1263–1269.

Ndangui CB, Kimbonguila A, Nzikou JM, Matos L, Pambou- Tobi NPG, Abena AA, Silou T, Scher J, Desobry S. 2010. Nutritive composition and properties physico-chemical of gumbo (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) seed and oil. Res. J. Environ. Earth Sci. 2, 49–54.

Pleines S, Friedt W. 1988. Breeding for improved C18-fatty acid composition in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Fat Sci. Technol. 90, 167–171.

Salunkhe DK, Chavan JK, Adsule RN. Kadam SS. 1991. World Oilseeds: Chemistry, Technology and Utilization. Springer, New York. PMid:2004796

Shittu LA, Bankole MA, Oguntola JA, Ajala O, Shittu RK, Ogundipe OA. 2007. Sesame leaves intake improve and increase epididymal spermatocytes reserve in adult male Sprague Dawley rat. Sci. Res. Essay 2, 319–24.

Shittu LA, Adesite SO, Ajala MO, Bankole MA, Benebo AS, Tayo AO. 2008. Sesame Radiatum Phytoestrogenic Lignans Enhances Testicular Activity In Adult Male Sprague Dawley Rat Testis. Int. J. Morphol. 26, 643–52.

Suja KP, Jayalekshmy A, Arumughan C. 2005. In vitro studies on antioxidant activity of lignans isolated from sesame cake extract. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 85, 1779–83.

Terés S, Barceloì-Coblijn G, Menet M, Aìlvarez R, Bressani R, Halver JE, Escribaì PV. 2008. Oleic acid content is responsible for the reduction in blood pressure induced by olive oil. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 13811–13816. PMid:18772370 PMCid:PMC2544536

Uzun B, Arslan C, Furat S. 2008. Variation in fatty acid compositions, oil content and oil yield in germplasm collection of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 85, 1135–1142.

Velasco L, Goffman FD, Becker HC. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 45. 371–382.

Were BA, Onkware AO, Gudu S, Welander M, Carlsson AS. 2006. Seed oil content and fatty acid composition in east African sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) accessions evaluated over 3 years. Field Crops Res. 97, 254–260.

Wu WH, Kang YP, Wang NH, Jou HJ, Wang TA. 2006. Sesame Ingestion Affects Sex Hormones, Antioxidant Status, and Blood Lipids in Postmenopausal Women. The Journal of Nutrition 136, 1270–1275. PMid:16614415

Yermanos DM, Hemstreet S, Saeeb W, Uszar CK. 1972. Oil content and composition of the seed in the world of sesame. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 49, 20–23.

Yol E, Uzun B. 2012. Geographical Patterns of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Accessions grown under mediterranean environmental conditions, and establishment of a core collection. Crop Science 52, 2206–2214

Yol E, Toker R, Golukcu M, Uzun B. 2015. Oil Content and Fatty Acid Characteristics in Mediterranean Sesame Core Collection. Crop Sci. 55, September–October.



How to Cite

Kurt C. Variation in oil content and fatty acid composition of sesame accessions from different origins. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2018Mar.30 [cited 2022Nov.29];69(1):e241. Available from: