Influence of different irrigation regimes and planting times on the quality and quantity of calyx, seed oil content and water use efficiency of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.)
Keywords:Antioxidant activity, Harvest index, Phenolic compounds, Sowing date
This study was carried out to examine the physiological traits, quality of calyx extract and seed oil content of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as affected by irrigation regimes and planting dates. The growth period from seed sowing to calyx harvesting was shortened as planting time was delayed. Stem diameter and plant height were decreased by drought stress or late planting, but calyx yield, total phenolic content, total anthocyanin content, vitamin C, and calyx water use efficiency increased under mild drought condition. In addition, antioxidant activity and calyx water use efficiency were significantly increased by late planting. It was suggested that an increase in calyx harvest index in delay in planting would be due to better photosynthesis activity and higher assimilate use efficiency because of the increase in sink capacity. Seed oil content decreased considerably due to drought stress and delay in planting date. These findings suggest that mild drought stress improves the quality and quantity of calyx and water use efficiency.
Aghdasi S, Modares Sanavy SAM, Aghaalikhani M, Keshavarz H. 2018a. Effect of foliar application of iron and manganese on yield and yield components of mungbean under water deficit stress. Water Soil Sci. 28 (3), 13-25.
Aghdasi S, Modares Sanavy SAM, Aghaalikhani M, Keshavarz H. 2018b. Impact of water deficit stress and foliar application of iron and manganese on some morphological and physiological of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). J. Plant. Proc. Func. 7 (26), 101-116. http://jispp.iut.ac.ir/article-1-670-en.html.
Alizade Moradi M, Ramroudi M, Asgharipour MR. 2018. Response of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as a medicinal plant to planting date and micronutrient spraying in alley cropping. Applied Res. Field Crop. 31 (2), 119-134.
An JP, Zhang XW, Bi SQ, You CX, Wang XF, Hao YJ. 2020. The ERF transcription factor MdERF38 promotes drought stress-induced anthocyanin biosynthesis in apple. Plant J. 110 (3), 573-589. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14555 PMid:31571281
Apeyuan K, Nwankiti A, Oluma O, Ekefan E. 2017. Effect of different sowing dates on disease initiation and development of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) leaf spot disease caused by Coniella musaiensis Var. hibisci in Makurdi, Central Nigeria. J. Geosci. Environ. Protec. 5, 94-101. https://doi.org/10.4236/gep.2017.511007
Asadpour S, Madani H, Nour Mohammadi Gh, Majidi Heravan I, Heidari Sharif Abad H. 2020. Improving maize yield with advancing planting time and nano-silicon foliar spray alone or combined with zinc. Silicon. Online Availabe. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-020-00815-5
Basyouni Abou-Khalifa AA. 2010. Response of some rice varieties to irrigation withholding under different sowing dates. Agri. Bio. J. North America. 1 (1), 56-64.
Begum H, Medagam TR, Rao NH, Neelam S, Pandravada SR, Natarajan S. 2015. Genetic diversity and variability in landraces for key agroeconomic traits in vegetable roselle (Hibiscus Sabdariffa Var. Sabdariffa L.). Jordan J. Biologic. Sci. 8 (2), 113-125. https://doi.org/10.12816/0027557
Beljkas B, Matic J, Milovanovic I, Jovanov P, Misan A, Saric L. 2010. Rapid method for determination of protein content in cereals and oilseeds: validation, measurement uncertainty and comparison with the Kjeldahl method. Accredit Qual. Assur. 15, 555-561. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00769-010-0677-6
Chumsri P, Airichote A, Itharat A. 2008. Songklanakarin. J. Sci. Tech. 30, 133-139.
Cirillo, V., D'Amelia, V., Esposito, M., Amitrano, C., Carillo, P., Carputo, D., Maggio, A. 2021. Anthocyanins are key regulators of drought stress tolerance in tobacco. Biology. 10, 139. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology10020139 PMid:33578910 PMCid:PMC7916658
Da-Costa-Rocha I, Bonnlaender B, Sievers H, Pischel I, Heinrich M. 2014. Hibiscus sabdariffa L. A phytochemical and pharmacological review. Food Chem. 165, 424-443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.05.002 PMid:25038696
Dolatabadian A, Modarres Sanavy SAM, Asilan KS. 2010. Effect of ascorbic acid foliar application on yield, yield component and several morphological traits of grain corn under water deficit stress conditions. Not Sci Biol. 2 (3), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb234717
El-Boraie FM, Gaber AM, Abdel-Rahman G. 2009. Optimizing irrigation schedule to maximize water use efficiency of Hibiscus sabdariffa under Shalatien conditions. World J. Agri. Sci, 5 (4), 504-514.
El-Dissoky R, Attia AM, Awad AM. 2020. Managing roselle plant (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) requirements of rertilizers and irrigation grown under upper Egypt conditions. J. Soil Sci. Agric. Enginee. 11 (12), 693-700. https://doi.org/10.21608/jssae.2020.159758
Fallahi HR, Ghorbany M, Aghhavani-Shajari M, Samadzadeh AR, Asadian AH. 2017a. Qualitative response of roselle to planting methods, humic acid application, mycorrhizal inoculation and irrigation management. J. Crop Improvement. 31 (2), 192-208. https://doi.org/10.1080/15427528.2016.1269378
Fallahi HR, Ramezani SHR, Ghorbani M, Aghhavani-Shajari M. 2017b. Path and factor analysis of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) performance. J. Appl. Res. Med. Aromatic Plants 6, 119-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmap.2017.04.001
Gendy ASH, Said-Al Ahl HAH, Abeer Mahmoud A. (2012). Growth, productivity and chemical constituents of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) plants as influenced by cattle manure and biofertilizers treatments. Australian J. Basic. Appl. Sci. 6 (5), 1-12.
Ghayour M, Taherian M, Baghban S, Khavari S. 2020. Effect of Early Planting Dates and Different Treatments of Seed Priming on Germination and Seedling Establishment of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa). Iranian J. Seed Res. 6 (2), 95-109. https://doi.org/10.29252/yujs.6.2.95
He YF, Xie YF, Li X, Yang J. 2020. Drought tolerance of transgenic rice overexpressing maize C4-PEPC gene related to increased anthocyanin synthesis regulated by sucrose and calcium. Biologia Plantarum. 64, 136-149. https://doi.org/10.32615/bp.2020.031
Hewidy M, Sultan E, Elsayed M. 2018. Water schedule of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) under organic fertilization. Egypt J. Hortic. 45 (1), 53-64.
Hinojosa-Gómez J, San Martín-Hernández C, Heredia JB, León-Félix J, Osuna-Enciso T, Muy-Rangel MD. 2020. Anthocyanin Induction by Drought Stress in the Calyx of Roselle Cultivars. Molecules 25, 1555. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25071555 PMid:32231098 PMCid:PMC7180819
Jasim AA, Jabr AK, Rawdhan SA, Abdullatif ZA. 2020. Effect of subsurface irrigation and drip irrigation on growth and yield of roselle under different irrigation periods. Indian J. Ecology 47 (12), 98-100.
Javadzadeh S. 2018. The effect of irrigation intervals and different ratios of manure and chemical fertilizer on yield and yield components of roselle in Iranshahr climate conditions. Agroecol. J. 13 (4), 71-86.
Karami S, Modarres-Sanavy SAM, Ghanehpoor S, Keshavarz H 2016. Effect of foliar zinc application on yield, physiological traits and seed vigor of two soybean cultivars under water deficit. Not. Sci. Biol. 8 (2), 181-191. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb829793
Keshavarz H, Khodabin G. 2019. The role of uniconazole in improving physiological and biochemical attributes of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) subjected to drought stress. J Crop Sci Biotech. 22 (2), 161-168. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-019-0050-0
Keshavarz H. 2020. Study of water deficit conditions and beneficial microbes on the oil quality and agronomic traits of canola (Brassica napus L.). Grasas Aceites 71 (3), e373. https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0572191
Keshavarz H. Modarres-Sanavy SAM, Mahdipour Afra M. 2018. Organic and chemical fertilizer affected yield and essential oil of two mint species. J. Essential. Oil. Bear. Plant. 21 (6), 1674-1681. https://doi.org/10.1080/0972060X.2018.1497545
Keshavarz Mirzamohammadi H, Modarres-Sanavy SAM, Sefidkon F, Mokhtassi-Bidgoli A, Mirjalili MH. 2021. Irrigation and fertilizer treatments affecting rosmarinic acid accumulation, total phenolic content, antioxidant potential and correlation between them in peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). Irrigation Sci. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00271-021-00729-z
Khalil S, Yousef RMM. 2014. Study the effect of irrigation water regime and fertilizers on growth, yield and some fruit quality of Hibiscus sabdariffa L.. Intern. J. Adv. Res. 2 (5), 738-750.
Khattak AM, Sajid M, Sarwar HZ, Rab A, Ahmad M, Khan MA. 2016. Effect of Sowing Time and Plant Density on the Growth and Production of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa). Int. J. Agric. Biol. 18, 1219-1224. https://doi.org/10.17957/IJAB/15.0215
Krizek DT, Kramer GF, Upadhyaya A, Mirecki RM. 1993. UV- B response of cucumber seedling grown under metal halid and high-pressure sodium/deluxe lamps. Physiol. Plant. 88, 350-358. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3054.1993.880220.x
Liu B, Qu D, Liu J. 2020. Light enrichment, flowering asynchrony and reproduction success in two field-grown soybeans in Northern China. Legume Res. 43 (2), 241-246.
Mataa M, Siziya IN, Shindano J, Moonga HB, Simon JE. 2020. Variation in leaf macro-nutrient and anti-nutrient contents associated with maturity in selected roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) genotypes. J Medicinally Active Plant. 9 (3), 133-144.
Olsen SR., Sommers LE. 1982. Phosphorus. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR (Eds). American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 404.
Parsa Motlagh B, Rezvani Moghaddam P, Azami Sardooei Z. 2018. The effect of sowing date and intra-row space on leaf area index, dry matter accumulation and physiological characteristics of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) as medicinal plant. J. Plant. Proc. Fun. 7 (26), 171-183.
Rah Khosravani AT, Mansouriear C, Modarres-Sanavy SAM, Asilan KS, Keshavarz H. 2017. Effects of sowing date on physiological characteristics, yield and yield components for different maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Not. Sci. Bio. 9 (1), 143-147. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb919913
Salih RF. 2019. Effect of sowing dates and varieties of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) on growth and yield parameters. Agric. Environ. Rese. 31 (3), 64-70. https://doi.org/10.21271/ZJPAS.31.3.9
Sarker U, Oba S. 2018. Response of nutrients, minerals, antioxidant leaf pigments, vitamins, polyphenol, flavonoid and antioxidant activity in selected vegetable amaranth under four soil water content. Food Chem. 252, 72-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.01.097 PMid:29478565
Seghatoleslami MJ, Mousavi SG, Barzgaran T. 2013. Effect of irrigation and planting date on morphphysiological traits and yield of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa). J. Animal. Plant Sci. 23 (1), 256-260.
Smith H. 2000. Phytochromes and light signal perception by plants - an emerging synthesis. Nature. 407, 585-591. https://doi.org/10.1038/35036500 PMid:11034200
Soheili-Movahhed S, Khomari S, Sheikhzadeh P, Alizadeh B. 2019. Improvement in seed quantity and quality of spring safflower through foliar application of boron and zinc under end season drought stress. J. Plant Nutrition. 42(8): 942-953. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2019.1584214
Temraz A, El-Tantawy WH. 2008. Characterization of antioxidant activity of extract from Artemisia vulgaris. Pak J Pharm Sci. 21 (4), 321-326.
Xu HJ, Wang XP, Zhao CY, Zhang XX. 2019. Responses of ecosystem water use efficiency to meteorological drought under different biomes and drought magnitudes in northern China. 278. Agri. Forest Meteo. 278, 107660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.107660
Yazdanpanah M, Rezvani Moghaddam P, Asadi G, Shahriari A. 2018. The impact of different levels of irrigation, planting date and fertilizer management on yield and yield components of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) in Minab. Iranian J. Field Crop. Res. 16 (4), 707-721.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.© CSIC. Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.
Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed.