Fatty acids and mineral composition of seed oils extracted from different Rosa L. taxa
Keywords:Element contents, Fatty acids, Oil extraction, Rosa L., Rosehip oil
In the study, the macro and micro elements and fatty acid contents in rose seeds, which are generally evaluated in the waste category, were determined. Among the plants belonging to these taxa, only the registered varieties belonging to four taxa were used, while the others were genotypes. The plant materials of the study include rosehip (R. canina L.), Yildiz variety of rosehip (R. canina L. cv ‘Yildiz’), Syrup rose (R. heckeliana Tratt. subsp. vanheurckiana), Austrian briar (R. foetida Herrm.), lax rootstock [R. caesia Sm. (Syn: R. laxa Retz.)], wild rose [R. montana subsp. woronovii Chaix subsp. woronovii (Lonacz) Ö. Nilsson L.], hybrid landscape roses (R. x hybrida) and Hosap rose [R. pisiformis (Christ) D.] taxa. It was determined that the contents of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and calcium of the macro elements examined in the seed samples differed statistically from each other. The seeds of different Rosa L. species examined within the scope of the research can be considered as one of the fruit oil sources with its 3.71-10.01% oil content. The fatty acid contents were determined as follows: linoleic acid (ω6) contents in the taxa ranged from 41.63 to 50.11% with an average of 44.88%; oleic acid (ω9) ranged from 20.80 to 30.27% with an average of 24.95%; linolenic acid (ω3) varied between 14.00-28.51% with an average of 19.20%; arachidic acid ranged from 0.75-1.63% and the average was 1.97%; eicosenoic acid ranged between 0.13-0.65% and averaged 0.33%; palmitoleic acid contents ranged from 0.08-0.60; behenic acid varied between 0.08-0.19% with 0.11% average. It was observed that the (ω3/ω6 ratio of the hybrid rose, which is especially used as a landscape rose and whose fruits are not evaluated, had an average value. R. canina ‘Yildiz’ cultivar showed a high (ω3/ω6 ratio, which is important in health terms. The high oleic acid contents found in these taxa are important results.
Aydin A. 2010. 7’den 70’e Taş Devri Diyeti. Havy Kitap, İstanbul, 73s.
Brummit RK, Powell CE. 1992. Authors of plant names “A list of authors of scientific names of plants, with recommended standard form of their names including abbreviations”. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 732 p.
Canbay HS, Bardakci B. 2011. Determination of fatty acid, C, H, N and trace element composition in grape seed by GC/MS, FTIR, Elemental Analyzer and ICP/OES. SDU J. Sci. 6 (2), 140-148.
Celik F, Balta F, Ercisli S, Kazankaya A, Javidipour I. 2010. Seed oil profiles of five rose hip species (Rosa spp.) from Hakkari, Turkey. J. Food Agric. Environm. 8 (2), 482-484.
Dyck B, Evans E. 2021. All fatty acids are not alike: Meet oleic acid. Progr. Dairy. 2021 (2), 32-34. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350411091_All_fatty_acids_are_not_alike_Meet_oleic_acid/citations#fullTextFileContent
Ercisli S. 2007. Chemical composition of fruits in some rose (Rosa spp.) species. Food Chem. 104, 1379-1384.
Fascella G, D’Angiolillo F, Mammano MM, Amenta M, Romeo FV, Rapisarda P, Ballistreri G. 2019. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of four rose hip species from spontaneous Sicilian flora. Food Chem. 289, 56-64.
Fetni S, Bertella N, Ouahab A, Miguel J, Zapater M, Fernandez SDP. 2020. Composition and biological activity of the Algerian plant Rosa canina L. by HPLCUV-MS. Arabian J. Chem. 13 (1), 1105-1119.
Gokturk Baydar N, Akkurt M. 2001. Oil content and oil quality properties of some grape seeds. Turk. J. Agric. For. 25, 163-168.
Guven L, Ozgen U, Secen H, Sener SO, Badem M, Celik G, Yayli N. 2021. Phytochemical studies on the seeds, pseudofruits and roots of Rosa pimpinellifolia. J. Res. Pharm. 25 (2), 153-163.
Hammond EW, 2003. Vegetable oils types and properties. Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition).
Ilyasoglu H, 2014. Characterization of rosehip (Rosa canina L.) seed and seed oil. International J. Food Proper. 17 (7), 1591-1598.
Kacar B, 1972. Bitki ve Toprağın Kimyasal Analizleri: II Bitki Analizleri. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayın No:453, Ankara, 464s.
Kazaz S, Baydar H, Erbas S. 2009. Variations in chemical compositions of Rosa damascena Mill. and Rosa canina L. fruits. Czech. J. Food. Sci. 27 (3), 178-184.
Kizil S, Toncer O, Sogut T. 2018. Mineral contents and fatty acid compositions of wild and cultivated rose hip (Rosa canina L.). Fresenius Envir. Bull. 27 (2), 744-748.
Lachmann J, Hejtmankova A, Taborsky J, Kotikova Z, Pivec V, Stralkova R, Vollmannova A, Bojnanska T, Dedina M. 2015. Evaluation of oil content and fatty acid composition in the seed of grapevine varieties. LWT-Food Sci. Technol. 63, 620-625.
Machmudah S, Kawahito Y, Sasaki M, Goto M. 2007, Supercritical CO2 extraction of rosehip seed oil: Fatty acids composition and process optimization. J. Supercrit. Fluids 41 (3), 421-428.
Mannozzi C, Foligni R, Scalise A, Mozzon M. 2020. Characterization of lipid substances of rose hip seeds as a potential source of functional components: A review. Ital. J. Food Sci. 32 (4), 721-733.
McGaw LJ, Jager AK, Van Staden J. 2002. Mini review: Antibacterial effects of fatty acids and related compounds from plants. S. Afr. J. Bot. 68, 417-423.
Nowak R. 2005. Chemical composition of hips essential oils of some Rosa L. species. Zeitschrift Naturforschung 60, 369-378.
Oz M, Baltaci C, Deniz I. 2018. Gümüşhane Yöresi Kuşburnu (Rosa canina L.) ve Siyah Kuşburnu (Rosa pimpinellifolia L.) Meyvelerinin C Vitamini ve Şeker Analizleri. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 8 (2), 284-292s.
Prescha A, Grajzer M, Dedyk M, Grajeta H.,2014. The antioxidant activity and oxidative stability of cold-pressed oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 91 (8), 1291-1301.
Roman I, Stanila A, Stanila S. 2013. Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Rosa canina L. biotypes from spontaneous flora of Transylvania. Chem. Cent. J.; 7 (1), 73.
Ryan J, Estafan G, Rashid A. 2001. Soil and plant analysis laboratory manual (2nd edit.). ICARDA and NARS, Aleppo-Syria, 135-140.
Sabir A, Unver A, Kara Z. 2012. The fatty acid and tocopherol constituents of the seed oil extracted from 21 grape varieties (Vitis ssp.). J. Sci. Food Agric. 92, 1982-1987.
Saygi KO. 2021. Quantitative analysis of phenolic compounds and mineral contents of Rosa canina L. waste seeds. Turkish J. Agric. Food Sci. Technol. 9 (6), 1120-1123.
Simpson MG. 2019. Plant Systematics (3rd ed.). Elsevier Academic Press.
Szentmihályi K, Vinkler P, Lakatos B, Illés V, Then M. 2002. Rose hip (Rosa canina L.) oil obtained from waste hip seeds by different extraction methods. Biores. Technol. 82, 195-201.
Taylor DC, Smith MA, Fobert P, Mietkiewska E, Weselake RJ. 2011. Metabolic engineering of higher plants to produce bio-industrial oils. Comprehensive Biotechnol. 4, 67-85.
Turan S, Solak R, Kiralan M, Ramadan MF. 2018. Bioactive lipids, antiradical activity and stability of rosehip seed oil under thermal and photo induced oxidation. Grasas Aceites, 69 (2), 1-9.
UPOV 2010. Rose UPOV Code: ROSAA Rosa L. Guidelines for the Conduct of Tests for Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability. International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants) TG/11/8 Rev. Original: English Date: 2010-03-24
Vasic D, Paunović D, Spirović Trifunović B, Miladinović J, Vujošević L, Dinović D, Popović-Dorđević J. 2020. Fatty acid composition of rosehip seed oil. Acta Agricult. Serb. 25 (49), 45‒49.
Yakar Y, Arslan H, Ozcinar AB. 2021. Determination of fatty acid compositions of some sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotype grown as second crop in Siirt ecological conditions. Gümüşhane University J. Sci. Technol. 11 (1), 27-33
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.© CSIC. Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.
Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed.
Grant numbers 100/2000
Grant numbers 19248