A study of the fatty acid and tocochromanol patterns of some Fabaceae (Leguminosae) plants from Turkey I

Authors

  • Eyup Bagci Firat University, Science & Letter Faculty, Biology Department, Elazig
  • Ludger Bruehl Inst. for Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
  • Hasan Özçelik Süleyman Demirel University, Science & Letter Fac., Biology Deprt. Isparta
  • Kurt Aitzetmuller Inst. for Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
  • Mecit Vural Gazi Univ. Science Faculty, Biology Deprt., Ankara
  • Ahmet Sahim Firat University, Science & Letter Faculty, Biology Department, Elazig

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.2004.v55.i4.204

Keywords:

Chemotaxonomy, Fabaceae (Leguminosae), Fatty acids, Tocochromanols

Abstract


In this study, the fatty acid, tocopherol, tocotrienol and plastochromanol-8 contents of some selected Fabaceae (Leguminosae) species belonging to different genera (Colutea, Vicia, Lathyrus, Gonocytisus, Lupinus, Hedysarum, Onobrychis, Trigonella) from Turkey were determined by using GLC and HPLC techniques. Some of the studied species are endemic to Turkey. The seed oils of different Leguminous taxa contained linoleic, oleic and linolenic acids as their major components. The ratios of these fatty acids in the Leguminous genera were found to be highly variable. Palmitic and stearic acids are the major saturated fatty acids in the seed oils. Vicia and Onobrychis patterns showed high similarity in means of qualitative fatty acid concentration. The tocopherol and tocochromanol patterns of the seed oils were also found to be highly variable among the genera investigated here. The total tocopherols was higher than the total tocotrienols. Alpha and gamma tocopherols were also the highest tocopherols present in the whole species. Beta, gamma and delta-tocotrienols were not found in most of the studied leguminous patterns. The results are discussed in view of renewable sources and chemotaxonomy.

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Published

2004-12-30

How to Cite

1.
Bagci E, Bruehl L, Özçelik H, Aitzetmuller K, Vural M, Sahim A. A study of the fatty acid and tocochromanol patterns of some Fabaceae (Leguminosae) plants from Turkey I. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2004Dec.30 [cited 2022Dec.7];55(4):378-84. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/204

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Section

Research

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