Influence of malaxation time of olive paste on oil extraction yields and chemical and organoleptic characteristics of virgin olive oil obtained by a centrifugal decanter at water saving

Authors

  • L. Di Giovacchino Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica
  • N. Costantini Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica
  • M. L. Ferrante Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica
  • A. Serraiocco Istituto Sperimentale per la Elaiotecnica

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.2002.v53.i2.302

Keywords:

Malaxation of olive paste, Olive processing, Virgin olive oil

Abstract


Experimental tests were carried out to ascertain the influence of malaxation time of olive paste on extraction yields and qualitative characteristics of virgin olive oils obtained by a centrifugal decanter at water saving. Results show that malaxation time has to be no less than 45 minutes to have a satisfactory oil extraction yield. Furthermore, it was ascertained that the malaxation time, protracted up to 90 minutes, does not have influence upon qualitative and organoleptic characteristics of oils. Only the total phenols content of oils changed significantly when the malaxation time of olive paste increased from 15 to 90 minutes. However, in this research has been demonstrated that in some cases the total phenols content of oils increased during the first 30-45 minutes of malaxation and after it diminished. This is due to the variation of total phenols content of vegetable water that in the first time increased and after diminished very quickly. Because of the partition equilibrium law, the total phenols content of oil changed in the same way. Finally, results show that the composition of volatile substances of head-space of oils did not change increasing the malaxation time of olive paste obtained from good quality olive fruits.

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Published

2002-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Di Giovacchino L, Costantini N, Ferrante ML, Serraiocco A. Influence of malaxation time of olive paste on oil extraction yields and chemical and organoleptic characteristics of virgin olive oil obtained by a centrifugal decanter at water saving. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2002Jun.30 [cited 2022Dec.7];53(2):179-86. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/302

Issue

Section

Research