Grasas y Aceites, Vol 69, No 3 (2018)

Lipophilic components and evaluation of the cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of Impatiens glandulifera Royle and Impatiens noli – tangere L. (Balsaminaceae)

K. Szewczyk
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

R. Bonikowski
Łódź University of Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of General Food Chemistry, Poland

A. Maciąg-Krajewska
Łódź University of Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Institute of General Food Chemistry, Poland

J. Abramek
Department of Biology and Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

A. Bogucka-Kocka
Department of Biology and Genetics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland


The chemical composition of the lipophilic fractions of Impatiens glandulifera Royle and I. noli-tangere L. were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)., The study focused on the fatty acids, triterpenoids and sterols in the leaves, roots and seeds. Most of the identified compounds are new for these species. a-linolenic, oleic and palmitic acids were the most abundant in the fatty acid fractions, β-amyrin and 5a-lup-20(29)-en-3β-ol in the triterpenoid fractions, and β-sitosterol, spinasterol and chondrillasterol in the sterol fractions. The fatty acid and triterpenoid fractions showed strong antioxidant activity, similar to positive controls. Moreover, the triterpenoid fraction from I. noli-tangere seeds significantly inhibited HL-60 human leukemia cells. Other fractions showed moderate cytotoxicity. The present study suggests that I. glandulifera and I. noli-tangere are good source of omega-3 fatty acids, and they might be considered as antioxidant and chemopreventive agents.


Antioxidant; Cytotoxicity; Fatty acids; Impatiens; Phytosterols; Triterpenoids

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