Grasas y Aceites, Vol 71, No 3 (2020)

Enhancement of lipid productivity from a promising oleaginous fungus Aspergillus sp. strain EM2018 for biodiesel production: Optimization of culture conditions and identification

E. M. Abdellah
Microbial Chemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Division, National Research Centre, Egypt

T. H. Ali
Microbial Chemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Division, National Research Centre, Egypt

D. A.M. Abdou
Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt

N. M. Hassanein
Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt

M. Fadel
Microbial Chemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Division, National Research Centre, Egypt

A. A. Karam El-Din
Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt

D. H. El-Ghonemy
Microbial Chemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Division, National Research Centre, Egypt


Oleaginous fungi have recently gained increasing attention among different microorganisms due to their ability for lipid production for the preparation of biofuel. In the present study, a locally isolated fungus E45, identified genetically as Aspergillus sp. strain EM2018, was found to produce 25.2% of the total lipids content of its dry cell weight (DCW). Optimization of culture conditions was performed and lipid accumula­tion increased by about 2.4 fold (from 25.2% to 60.1% of DCW) when the fungus was grown for seven days in the potato dextrose (50 g/L) liquid medium at pH 5.0, incubation temperature at 30 ºC and inoculum size of 2 × 106 spore/mL. Supplementation of the medium with yeast extract and NaNO3 at a concentration of 0.05% as organic and inorganic nitrogen sources, respectively, increased lipid production (53.3% lipid/dry biomass). Gas chromatography analysis of fungal lipids revealed the presence of saturated (mainly palmitic acid C16:0 (33%) and lignoceric acid C24:0 (15%)) and unsaturated fatty acids in different proportions (mainly linoleic acid C18:2 (24.4%), oleica cid C18:1 (14%) and arachidonic C20:4 (7.4%). These findings suggest this new oleaginous fungus as a promising feedstock for various industrial applications and for the preparation of biodiesel.


Aspergillus sp. strain EM2018; Biodiesel; GC analysis; Lipid production; Optimization

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