Grasas y Aceites, Vol 50, No 5 (1999)

Lipid composition of Evonimus japonicus L., Piracanttia coccinea L. and Amelanchier cannadensis L. seed oils


https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.1999.v50.i5.678

M. Zlatanov
Department of Organic Technology, University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria

P. Vazvazova
Department of Organic Technology, University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Abstract


Lipid composition of Evonimus japonicus L., Piracantha coccinea L. and Amelanchier cannadensis L. seed oils. The seeds of Evonimus japonicus L., Piracantha coccinea L. and Amelanchier cannadensis L. contained 45.4%, 3.7% and 7.2% oil respectively. Oleic, linoleic and palmitic acids predominated in the triacylglycerols. The content of phospholipids in the oils, mainly phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidic acids was 1.1%, 7.5% and 2.8% respectively. The sterols amounts were found to be 0.4% in Evonimus japonicus L oil, 0.6% in Piracantha coccinea L. oil and 0.9% in Amelanchier cannadensis L. oil. β-Sitosterol was the main component in all oils. Campesterol, stigmasterol, brassicasterol, cholesterol, 7-estigmasterol, Δ7,25-estigmasterol, Δ5-avenasterol and Δ7-avenasterol were identified in small quantities too. All of the tocopherols were identified in the oils.

Keywords


Amelanchier cannadensis L.; Evonimus japonicus L.; Lipid composition; Piracantha coccinea L.; Seed oil.

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