Olive oil intake in relation to cardiovascular diseases

Authors

  • Antonis Zampelas Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University
  • Anthony G. Kafatos Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, University of Crete School of Medicine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.2004.v55.i1.144

Keywords:

Olive oil, Monounsaturated fatty acids, Cardiovascular disease, Lipoproteins, LDL oxidation, Haemostasis, Mediterranean diet

Abstract


Atherosclerosis is the principal contributor to the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Epidemiological, clinical and metabolic studies have reported protective associations between (extra virgin) olive oil consumption and CAD. As a key component of the Mediterranean diet, olive oil is a rich source of oleic acid, making up about 29 % of the daily dietary caloric intake, and antioxidants (vitamin E and phenolic compounds). Olive oil has beneficial effects by reducing LDL plasma concentration, the LDL cholesterol:HDL cholesterol ratio, and protecting LDL against oxidation. The progress of atherosclerosis and the risk of thrombo-embolic episodes could also be decreased through the reduction in plasma clotting factors levels, including FVIIc, PAI-1, XIIc and XIIa. The findings reaffirm low-moderate fat policies for optimum health, within which olive oil appears to be an important component of the diet.

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Published

2004-03-30

How to Cite

1.
Zampelas A, Kafatos AG. Olive oil intake in relation to cardiovascular diseases. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2004Mar.30 [cited 2021Sep.19];55(1):24-32. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/144

Issue

Section

Monography