New trends in determining the authenticity of corn oil
Keywords:Authentication, Triacylglycerols, Com oil, Minor components, Triacylglycerols.
HPLC analysis of triacylglycerols and minor components, such as free and acylated sterols, and sterylglycosides, tocopherols and ¡soprenoid alcohols, have been employed for establishing oil authenticity. GLC analysis of the whole sterols as their TMS - derivatives has been also conducted. Genuine oils, namely, rapeseed, sunflower and corn oil as well as corn oil admixtures with the two oils were analyzed. Triacylglycerols and tocopherols were directly determined in the oils whereas the four sterol in lipids (free and acylated sterols and sterylglycosides) and isoprenoid alcohols were isolated and derivatized into their anthroyi nitrile derivatives. It was concluded that the analysis of minor components in combination with triacylglycerols is more advantageous for authentication of corn oil. However, ¡soprenoid alcohols are more decisive in this respect. Natural variability of the components in the oils from different origins can modify the detection limits.
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