Examination of the changes in components of the volatile oil from Abyssinian sage, Musk sage and Medical sage [Salvia aethiopis L., Salvia sclarea L. and Salvia officinalis L. (hybrid)] growing in different locations
Keywords:α-thujone, GC-MS/FID, Salvia officinalis L. (hybrid), Volatile oil
This study was conducted simultaneously in different locations in Çanakkale, Balıkesir and Kütahya in order to determine the effect of location on the volatile oil components, volatile oil rate and volatile oil quality of Abyssinian sage, Musk sage and Medical sage (Salvia aethiopis L., Salvia sclarea L. and Salvia officinalis L. (hybrid)) plants from the 2015 growing season. Field experiments were carried out in 3 replicates according to the randomized block design. These plants’ volatile oils were obtained by the hydrodistillation method (GC-MS/FID) and the volatile oil rates in three different locations were measured as 0.53%, 0.21%, 0.20%, respectively. The basic components of the volatile oil were determined as follows: β-caryophyllene 36.22%, 30.46%, 35.96%, α-copaene 15.06%, 16.46%, 16.58%, germacrene-D 13.23%, 20.01%, 15.20%, β-cubebene 5.62%, 7.04%, 6.93%, α–humulene 8.68%, 7.40%, 8.54%, caryophylleneoxide 7.40%, 1.82%, 3.53%. No volatile oil was acquired from Salvia sclarea L. except for the Çanakkale location which was only 0.02% and the main components in this volatile oil were measured as germacrene-D 20.78%, and phytol 17.81%. The best volatile oil contents from Abyssinian sage and Musk sage were obtained from the Çanakkale location with 0.53% and 0.02%, respectively. The rates of volatile oils from Medical sage (Salvia officinalis L. (hybrid)) were 1.00%, 1.40% and 0.96%, respectively, in the three locations. The main components in this volatile oil were measured as α-thujone 46,00%, 44.53%, 35.78%, β-thujone 5.05%, 6.31%, 8.61%, camphor 10.73%, 19.15%, 18.68%, 1.8-cineole 8.99%, 7.23%, 5.06%, viridiflorol 1.85%, 2.28%, 4.23%. The highest volatile oil rate in Medical sage was reached at the Balıkesir location at a rate of 1.40%. As a result of this study it was found that volatile oil components are comparatively richer in terpenes and the amount of volatile oil differs according to ecological factors.
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