Biodiesel production enhanced by ultrasound-assisted esterification and transesterification of inedible olive oil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.1233202

Keywords:

Biodiesel, Esterification, Olive oil, Transesterification, Ultrasound

Abstract


In the first phase of this study, inedible olive oil with different initial free fatty acid concentrations (2.5, 5.0, and 10.0%) was processed through acid-catalyzed esterification. Various heating methods were used for this purpose. The ultrasound-assisted esterification and traditional magnetic stirrer-assisted esterification methods were similar to each other in terms of their effects on free fatty acid reduction. However, the ultrasound reaction time was significantly shorter than that of the traditional magnetic stirrer. In the second phase of this study, biodiesel production was carried out through the ultrasound-assisted transesterification of inedible olive oil. Independent variables were, namely, ultrasound power level (30, 90, and 150 W), methanol/oil mole ratio (3, 9, and 15), catalyst concentration (0.5, 1.0, and 1.5%), ultrasound time (15, 30, and 45 min), and reaction temperature (45, 55, and 65 °C), which affected the yield indices and physicochemical constants of the produced biodiesel. The purest biodiesel (98.95%) and the highest amount of yield (92.69%) were observed when using an ultrasound power level of 90 W, a methanol/oil mole ratio of 9, a catalyst concentration of 1.0%, an ultrasound time of 30 min, and a reaction temperature of 55 °C. Optimizing the reaction conditions of the ultrasound operation can effectively increase the biodiesel yield (92.69%), while reducing the energy consumption (4.775 kWh/kg) and shortening the reaction time (30 min), compared to the traditional magnetic stirrer (77.28%, 2.17 kWh/kg, and 120 min, respectively). Therefore, ultrasound-assisted transesterification can serve as an effective alternative because of its fast and economic operation for making biodiesel out of inedible olive oil.

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Published

2022-03-30

How to Cite

1.
Golmakani M-T, Dehghan L, Rahimizad N. Biodiesel production enhanced by ultrasound-assisted esterification and transesterification of inedible olive oil. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2022Mar.30 [cited 2022May23];73(1):e447. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/1923

Issue

Section

Research

Funding data

Shiraz University
Grant numbers 9261474