From seeds to bioenergy: a conversion path for the valorization of castor and jatropha sedes

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0571211

Keywords:

Biodiesel, Castor, Jatropha, Seeds, Valorization

Abstract


The world’s energy matrix can be diversified with biodiesel from castor and jatropha oil. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess a conversion path for the valorization of castor and jatropha seeds. The results showed the maximum extraction of castor oil at 90 °C, 2 rpm, and 6 mm nozzle, achieving a yield of 36.97% and for jatropha oil at 100 °C, 1.5 rpm, and 10 mm nozzle, achieving a yield of 20.11%. The acid value and cloud point of castor and jatropha oil were 0.797 and 23.44 mg KOH/g, 10±1 °C and 12±0.55 °C, respectively; while the pour point was -3 °C for both. The acid value and cloud point for biodiesels ranged from 0.26-0.43 mg KOH/g, and -12.50-6.10 °C, respectively. The viscosity of oils and biodiesel ranged from 0.02-1.3 P. GC-MS indicated 66.38% of methyl ricinoleate in castor biodiesel and 31.64% of methyl oleate in jatropha biodiesel. The HHV for castor and jatropha biodiesel ranged from 32.37-40.25 MJ/kg.

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Published

2022-12-15

How to Cite

1.
Montes-Núñez D, Montero-Alpírez G, Coronado-Ortega M, Ayala-Bautista J, León-Valdez J, Vázquez-Espinoza A, Torres-Ramos R, García-González C. From seeds to bioenergy: a conversion path for the valorization of castor and jatropha sedes. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2022Dec.15 [cited 2023Feb.7];73(4):e482. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/1958

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Section

Research

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