Chemical composition, oxidative stability and antiproliferative activity of Anethum graveolens (dill) seed hexane extract

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.0455191

Keywords:

Anethum graveolens, Antiproliferative activity, Dill seed hexane extract, Oxidative stability, Thermal property, Volatile compounds

Abstract


This study aimed to evaluate the physicochemical properties, chemical composition, and anti­proliferative activity of the hexane extract of Anethum graveolens L. (dill) seeds using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Two fractions, namely the lipid fraction (74%) and volatile fraction (26%), were detected. The extract content of the seeds was about 9.4% and the extract had a pleasant spicy aroma. Oleic acid (52%), cis-vaccenic acid (6.2%), linoleic acid (5.5%), and palmitic acid (3.3%) were the key fatty acids in the lipid fraction, while apiol (23%) and d-carvone (2.4%) were the major volatile components. Tocols (tocopherols and tocotrienols) were also detected in the A. Graveolens extract (155 mg/100 g) and b-tocopherol was identified as the major tocol (71%). Dill extract showed a high oxidative stability (induction time = 45.22 h). Furthermore, dill extract showed antiproliferative activity against breast cancer cell lines.

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Published

2020-09-15

How to Cite

1.
Nehdia IA, Abutaha N, Sbihi HM, Tan CP, Al-Resayes SI. Chemical composition, oxidative stability and antiproliferative activity of Anethum graveolens (dill) seed hexane extract. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2020Sep.15 [cited 2023Jan.30];71(3):e374. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/1841

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