Evaluation of the oil Produced from lettuce crop cultivated under three irrigation conditions


  • M. Hassan El-Mallah Fats and Oil Department, National Research Centre
  • S. M. El-Shami Fats and Oil Department, National Research Centre




Fatty acids, Lettuce, Lipids, Sterols, Tocopherols, Triacylglycerols


Three oil lettuce seed samples (lactuca Sativa LS10, LS20, LS30) were cultivated under three irrigation conditions (well, normal and water deficient conditions, after 10, 20 and 30 days respectively) to evaluate their oils and to see to what extent the oil lettuce plant resists draught conditions. The oils extracted from the three seed samples were evaluated by determining eight lipid profiles using HPLC in conjunction with capillary GLC. Lettuce seed oils are characterized by high contents of linoleic and oleic acids. Of the triacyl glycerols determined, those containing linoleyl and oleyl acyles are the major ones. The whole sterol profiles include β-sitosterol (as major component) followed by 7-stigmasterol, campesterol and 5-stigmasterol, which were found in all the lettuce seed oil samples but with slight differences. Furthermore, sterol patterns of the free and acylated sterols, free and acylated sterylglycosides were determined. It was found that LS30 oil has the highest tocopherol content and α-tocopherol is the only constituent in all the lettuce seed oil samples. On the other hand, the 2-position in the lettuce seed oil samples is mainly acylated by unsaturated fatty acids (98.6%) namely, oleic and linoleic acids. According to these results, it can be concluded that irrigation conditions do not affect the lipid constituents of the oil and the oil lettuce plant resists draught and its lipid profiles are in agreement with those of conventional vegetable oils.


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How to Cite

Hassan El-Mallah M, El-Shami SM. Evaluation of the oil Produced from lettuce crop cultivated under three irrigation conditions. Grasas aceites [Internet]. 2012Dec.30 [cited 2024Apr.17];63(4):423-31. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/1396