Formation of stigmasta-3,5-diene in olive oil during deodorization and/or physical refining using nitrogen as stripping gas

Authors

  • M. León-Camacho Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC)
  • M. Alvarez Serrano Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC)
  • E. Graciani Constante Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.2004.v55.i3.170

Keywords:

Deodorisation, Formation of stigmasta-3, 5-diene, HRGC analysis, Olive oil, Physical refining

Abstract


Changes in the content of stigmasta-3,5-diene during industrial physical refining of bleached olive oil were studied in an experimental discontinuous pilot plant of 250 kg capacity using nitrogen as stripping gas. Dehydratation of ß-sitosterol yields stigmasta-3,5-diene and by means of its quantification it is possible to detect the refined oils in virgin olive oils. A 23 experiment was carried out in order to study the relationships among the independent variables involved in the physical refining process (nitrogen flow, temperature and oil load). The apparent kinetic constants (Kap) during the deodorisation process in the formation of stigmasta-3,5-diene were determined. The values of the rate constants and other apparent thermodynamic parameters were determined.

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Published

2004-09-30

How to Cite

1.
León-Camacho M, Alvarez Serrano M, Graciani Constante E. Formation of stigmasta-3,5-diene in olive oil during deodorization and/or physical refining using nitrogen as stripping gas. grasasaceites [Internet]. 2004Sep.30 [cited 2022Dec.7];55(3):227-32. Available from: https://grasasyaceites.revistas.csic.es/index.php/grasasyaceites/article/view/170

Issue

Section

Research

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